For the next month you are going to get the first peak at my program called Phonics the Easy Way. All of the content will be shared on these
pages and you will learn everything that you need to know about teaching children phonics. Our English language can be quite complicated, so it is going to be my goal to demystify this complicated process into small bits and pieces that are easy to understand.
It all starts with assessment, but not just any kind of assessment. It starts with specific assessments that meets the needs of your child. Another name for this is diagnostic assessment. For instance, if you know that your child knows all of the letters of the alphabet, then it would be fruitless to test this skill. Here is a list of skills to think about that children need in order to learn how to read.
2. Blending sounds
3. Segmenting sounds
4. Letter names - Capital and Lowercase
5. Letter sounds- lowercase
6. Sight Words
In order to be ready to read it helps to be able to do most of these skills. Rhyming, Blending sounds without letters and segmenting sounds without letters fit into the phonemic awareness category. These are prereading skills that help a child to start learning about the reading process.
Our brain is a pattern detector. One of the first reading patterns that we develop is the ability to rhyme. Later on kids will be able to use their knowledge about words they know to figure out new unknown words. Kids that are in 2nd grade and are unable to produce rhymes and identify rhymes are at risk for reading at grade level. So whether your child is just starting out in reading or is struggling with reading, you will want to check if they are able to produce and identify rhymes. Here is a rhyming assessment I have created that you can use.
Another phonological skill that is useful for kids to master is blending sounds with out letters. This is not an activity that is done with letters, it is only done with sounds. For example, if I said /c/ /a/ /t/, then you would put it together and make the word cat. Once one adds letter to this activity it becomes a more advanced skill. So, in the beginning it is important to do this without any letters. Here is a blending sounds assessment to identify if this is a skill that your child has mastered.
A more difficult task is to give the child a word and have her tell you each of the sounds. This activity is called segmenting sounds. Sometimes a child will get just the first sound and not the rest of the word. This will count as a point for the child. Here is a segmenting sounds assessment that you can use with your child.
Rhyming, blending, and segmenting are some of the pre-reading skills that kids need to master before they can learn to read. These skills will help them with the more complicated tasks they will be required to do once they start putting letters and sounds together to make words. If your child has not mastered one of these skills, then you will want to provide instruction in that area and reassess once you think that your child has mastered it.
Have you ever known a child that has struggled with these skills? What was your experience. What are some things that you did to help him/her to master them? Tell me about it in the comments section.
Tomorrow we are going to begin to take look at letter name, letter sounds, and sight word assessments. You will also learn how to do ongoing assessment to determine how much each child has learned and if the instruction that you are providing is working.